Salve, festa dies: An examination of the Marian Restoration through the reforms of Reginal Cardinal Pole and a woodcut from John Foxe's Actes and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days by Christopher Akers
This essay examines two ‘artefacts’ of the Marian period concerning the restoration of the Catholic Church in England after its nadir during the minority of Edward VI. The decrees that emerged from Reginald Cardinal Pole’s legatine synod, which met at Lambeth and Westminster between November 1555 and February 1556, detail the approach of a central figure of the Marian regime toward the reform of the Church in England upon Catholic lines. A woodcut from John Foxe’s Actes and Monuments, from London publisher John Day’s 1570 edition of the work, portrays the ‘fanatical and bigoted’ view of the Marian Church and demonstrates the Protestant reaction to the Marian reforms. The woodcut will be analysed with specific reference to the imagery of procession with the Blessed Sacrament.